Electric Bicycle Description: An electric motor of less than 750 watts (1 h.p.), whose maximum speed on a paved level surface, when powered solely by such a motor while ridden by an operator who weighs 170 pounds, is less than 20 mph
(a) An “electric bicycle” is a bicycle equipped with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts.
(1) A “class 1 electric bicycle,” or “low-speed pedal-assisted electric bicycle,” is a bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour.
(2) A “class 2 electric bicycle,” or “low-speed throttle-assisted electric bicycle,” is a bicycle equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle, and that is not capable of providing assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour.
(3) A “class 3 electric bicycle,” or “speed pedal-assisted electric bicycle,” is a bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 miles per hour, and equipped with a speedometer.
For Class 3, the rider must wear a helmet and be at least 16 years old.
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o Electrically driven bicycle has less than 750 watt motor.
o Functional pedals.
o Max speed is less than 20mph.
States, cities and state parks can regulate bicycle speed limits for bicycles and eBikes. Many are 15 mph for both where the foot traffic is heavy. Any eBike that exceeds the national 20 mph speed limit is not allowed on streets but is allowed off road (trails, country, dirt roads such as logging and fire trail roads unless specified at the site.) All ebike have speedometers so you can watch your speed when on streets just like motorcycles and cars.
The 9 speed pedal assist controllers are awesome!
The speed limits can be quickly and easily set at any speed.
1000W motor can be set at 15mph, 20mph or 29mph.
500W motors can be set at 15mph, 20mph or 24mph.
350W motor can be set at 15mph or 20mph.
Get those muscles toned up a little bit at a time. Start out using the assist and slowly back off to the lower settings. Best of all, commuters need not worry about getting hot and sweaty on their way to work or school. I love exploring my city as I have a much larger range now.
Tip 2 – Do Not Discharge For Long Periods – Never leave your e-bike’s battery discharged for any significant length of time. Leaving an electric bicycle battery pack in a discharged state for long periods can cause internal oxidation of the batteries which will adversely affect the lifespan of the battery.
Tip 3 – Avoid Extreme Temperatures – Very hot or cold temperatures can negatively affect the performance of the battery and shorten its expected life. I ride in Southwest temperatures of 90 to 105 and park the ebike in the shade if I stop for lunch.
Tip 4 – Frequent Recharges – To ensure the longest possible life for your eBike battery re-charge them after every ride, regardless of the distance. You will be able to re-charge the battery immediately after a short ride but after a long ride it is advisable to wait for approximately 30 minutes before starting the re-charge to allow the battery to cool.
According to the U.S. government, lithium ion batteries aren’t an environmental hazard. “Lithium Ion batteries are classified by the federal government as non-hazardous waste and are safe for disposal in the normal municipal waste stream,” says Kate Krebs at the National Recycling Coalition. While other types of batteries include toxic metals such as cadmium, the metals in lithium ion batteries – cobalt, copper, nickel and iron – are considered safe for landfills or incinerators (Interestingly enough, lithium ion batteries contain an ionic form of lithium but no lithium metal). There are no re-cycling programs now but as the use in ebikes, scooters and cars grow this will happen.
Some companies will import the parts and assemble here in the US. This does provide some extra control as to the outcome and also allows them to get custom parts. A very big incentive is just to be able to put a “Made in America” sticker on the bike. A product doesn’t need to be make here, just assembled here for this label.
If you are planning 60 or more mile rides then yes, I would suggest an extra battery. Don’t forget to take your charger with you.